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Water-Impact-Booklet1.4

The Water Impact Booklet the sector framework, sector management and regula- tion to ensure that the people receive access to depend- able water services at a fair price. This chapter covers the basic principles of good govern- ance and how they can be applied at the national level as well as at the water utility level. B. Water Integrity Water is life. Water utilities serve the common good. Yet, sometimes, people take advantage of this situa- tion to serve themselves instead of the common good. When they do this, they harm the water utility and all of the people it serves because they undermine the sus- tainability of the utility. Water integrity means establishing accountability and transparency so that water is allocated and distribut- ed in fair and efficient ways for all water users. It also means ensuring that the financial resources of the util- ity are protected. A lack of integrity, accountability and transparen- cy often leads to corruption - the abuse of entrusted power and resources for personal gain. It can be found in a huge range of interactions at all levels of decision- making and in all aspects of the water sector, along the “water value chain” from water allocation to the end user and - as wastewater - back to the environment. There are great needs to strengthen water integrity at policy, management and operational levels in govern- ments, private sector and civil society: • Establish sustainable prevention measures that are pro-active rather than only re-active. • Understand the detrimental impacts of corruption; especially on poor people who suffer from the ef- fects of corruption. • Apply integrated water resources management to link water services for domestic, industrial and agri- cultural uses. • Realize that there are different cultural interpreta- tions of corruption. This chapter discusses the situation and offers potential solutions to corruption in your workplace. C. Water Sector Framework Even if a country has sufficient funds to invest in the sector and enough expertise, the sector will not thrive unless the roles and duties of all players and institutions are well defined and well designed in relation to each other. This is important to ensure the smooth execution of all the tasks required to have an effectively function- ing sector. A classic role for government is to provide the policy, institutional and legal framework in the water sector that will achieve public health and safety. That is why most water sector frameworks are largely made up of various levels of government, including: • Ministries in charge of overall planning and Water Resources Management • Regulator • Local government as the responsible authority for the provision of water services • Water and wastewater service providers These main players often work in cooperation with other bodies such as the Ministry of Finance for budg- et allocations, the Ministry of Public Works that may be in charge of infrastructure development and main- tenance and Water Boards that act at local or region- al levels. In many countries, the private sector also plays a role. The water sector framework considers the ways in which these agencies work together to ensure that the public is well provided with the water and wastewater servic- es that are so essential to public health, safety, environ- mental protection and economic prosperity. Usually, legislation is enacted to give authority to the agencies to play their roles. This chapter focuses on the building blocks of a sound Water Sector Framework: • National Water Policy • Development Strategy • Legal Framework, including laws, rules and regulation • Institutional Organization

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